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Bunions and Corns

Bunions and Corns Specialist NYCIn medical jargon, hallux valgus is the term used to describe a bunion, which basically is a bump that juts out of the side of your big toe. Bunions are painful and, according to NYC podiatrists, can be a severely limiting condition that occurs when your first toe bone pushes inward too much on the bone of your second toe.

The bunion disrupts the alignment of the first metatarsal bone — the bone that attaches to your toe. Once misaligned, the toe bone separates from the metatarsal, forming a bump where the bone pushes out. If you have a bunion causing severe pain, schedule a visit with a leading podiatrist in NYC Dr. Jennifer McCoy as soon as possible.

All symptoms should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by your podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious condition.

Corns Too

A “corn,” referred to by foot doctors as a clavus, is a skin growth that typically forms on top of a bone in your foot after a significant amount of abnormal friction or pressure. They usually are located on the knuckle part of your toe or between your toes. Corns also may form on the side or bottom of your foot, wherever excess pressure exists, such as a bone that juts out or after wearing poorly fitting shoes.

Corns are similar to calluses and these terms can be used interchangeably. A corn often appears rounder, smaller and deeper, while calluses generally cover a larger area and are shallower. If your corn is created from a protruding bone, speak to a highest ranking NYC podiatrist Dr. Jennifer McCoy about getting proper treatment. It’s best, after all, not to play foot doctor with issues that could lead to greater complications.

Causes of Bunions and Corns

Most bunions form in adulthood, but they can develop earlier in life. For bunions in children, the earlier bunions are diagnosed by your foot doctor, the better the chances of avoiding a severe deformity. Typical causes of bunions include:

  • Narrow shoes
  • High heel shoes
  • Arthritis (specifically rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Foot injuries
  • Abnormal foot development before birth
  • Tight tendons and muscles, including the Achilles tendon
  • Genetically inherited foot types

According to the American Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Society, women are 10 times more likely to develop a bunion than a man. The Society also found that 88 percent of women wear shoes that don’t fit properly, of which about 55 percent have suffered with bunions.

Each one of these factors can cause your foot to rest in an awkward position. If you experience this and ignore the problem, it can cause you to shift your weight and develop an unnatural gait, which can further complicate your condition. Your NYC podiatric doctor can advise you about the best methods to correct your walking posture and get appropriate treatment.

Corns, on the other hand, are typically caused by friction or pressure from tight shoes. They can also grow from a bone protrusion that presses against the skin of your foot. Among teenagers, corns most commonly develop in girls ages 10 to 15.

Symptoms of Bunions

The first recognizable symptoms of bunion growth are changes in your foot. A small bump starts to form just below your big toe. Bunions can also form below the little toe, and these bunions are referred to as bunionettes. As the bunion grows, you may experience any of the following symptoms that you need to relay to a podiatrist in New Yrok before he can give you a definitive diagnosis:

  • Soreness and pain above the bony area
  • Pain on the skin where the bunion rubs against your shoe
  • Burning sensations
  • Numbness in the area surrounding the bunion
  • Thicker skin over the toe with the bunion
  • Joint swelling of the affected toe, especially after walking
  • Redness over the skin
  • Restricted movement in the affected toe joint

These symptoms can be painful and frustrating, as they affect your lifestyle by interfering with your exercise habits and restricting the kind of footwear you can enjoy. Without treatment from your NYC podiatric specialist, the bunion continues to grow to the point that even wide-toe shoes are painful to wear.

All symptoms should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by your podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious condition.

Corn Symptoms

You should see your NYC podiatrist if you find any of the following conditions to be true and you’re concerned with the growth of corns:

  • You have difficulty putting your feet into the usual footwear.
  • You feel pain while wearing different types of shoes.
  • You also have other health conditions — like poor circulation from rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes or recurring wounds from your corns.
  • You’re worried about the development of new corns.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Bunions and Corns

Your podiatric doctor in NYC can diagnose and treat bunions and corns. A visual examination generally is sufficient for diagnosis. You may be asked about your general medical health and genetic history. For example, your NYC foot doctor may want to know if bunions or corns run in your family.

Many different treatment options exist for bunions and corns. Most foot doctors agree that bunion surgery or corn removal surgery should be the last resort. For most patients, the discomfort caused by bunions and corns can be relieved by comfortably fitting shoes. There are also home remedies recommended by the NYC podiatric doctor, such as:

  • Reducing pressure with better-fitting shoes
  • Increasing circulation with hot packs, warm socks and massage
  • Reducing inflammation with ice
  • Improving flexibility through stretching exercises
  • Strengthening muscles through foot exercises
  • Splinting or wearing a splint at night to reform your foot over time

Corn-Specific Treatment

The typical treatment for corns consists of removing excess dead skin, relieving pressure and providing temporary pain relief. Home remedies for the removal of corns include pumice stones or files to buff away dead skin and acid products that dissolve the excess dead skin.

Exercise caution with both home remedies. If you’re too rough with a pumice stone or file, you can injure your foot, cause an infection or possibly produce even thicker skin. Acid products are also dangerous if used improperly as they can dissolve healthy skin. Since the cause of corns is a combination of factors, seek the advice of your NYC foot doctor for the most effective form of treatment for your specific case.

Reoccurrence of Bunions and Corns

If you undergo surgery to remove a bunion — either surgery for a single bunion or multiple-bunion surgery — your problem rarely reoccurs, provided that the treatment has neutralized the deforming causes. You can slow or even stop bunion growth before they cause a deformity of your feet by using custom orthotics or, in some cases, premium over-the-counter inserts.

If the causes of corn formations aren’t properly addressed, they often reoccur. But if a leading podiatrist in NYC correctly diagnoses and treats the causes, then your corns shouldn’t return. Consult the experts before trying something at home.

All symptoms should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by your podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious condition.

Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not a definitive medical advice. Please consult foot doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained, experienced board certified podiatrist or foot specialist can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Do you have any questions about Bunions and Corns? Would like to schedule an appointment with an internationally recognized, top NYC Podiatrist and foot doctor, Dr. Jennifer McCoy of Manhattan Foot Specialists, please contact our office for consultation.

Manhattan Foot Specialists
Dr. Jennifer McCoy, Podiatrist (NYC Foot Doctor)

51 East 25th Street, Ste 409
New York, NY 10010

(Between Madison Ave & Park Ave)
(212) 687-2930

DISCLAIMER: PLEASE READ CAREFULLY
The information on this website is to provide general guidance. In no way does any of the information provided reflect definitive medical advice and self diagnoses should not be made based on information obtained online. It is important to consult a best in class podiatrist regarding ANY and ALL symptoms or signs as it may a sign of a serious illness or condition. A thorough consultation and examination should ALWAYS be performed for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Be sure to call a physician or call our office today and schedule a consultation.