Published on Nov 16, 2016, modified on May 21, 2019 by Dr. Solomon (Podiatrist), Manhattan Foot Specialists

Flat Foot

Flat Feet Correction Specialist NYC

If you’re experience pain, discomfort or swelling in your ankle or feet, you may have fallen arches or flat feet. Flat feet can be quite uncomfortable and lead to a host of problems. If your foot pain is severe, call your local New York foot doctor. Schedule an appointment today to find out whether you have a condition that requires treatment.

The arch of our foot is important because it allows us to adapt to different terrains and to absorb the shock of our body weight hitting the ground. When you have a flat foot, your arch is collapsed, thus your joints are subject to more stress since its shock absorber is absent. Flat feet also place stress on the ligaments and tendons in the foot causing tears and inflammation. The earlier your flat foot is treated, the more successful the treatment will be in the long term. If you also suspect any of your children of having flat feet, make an appointment for you and your child with a NYC foot specialist Dr. Solomon.

All symptoms should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by your podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious condition.

Walking and Your Arches

“Acquired flat foot disorder” is the medical term your foot specialist uses to describe a collapsed arch. When you stand, the sole of your foot doesn’t normally come in contact with the ground completely. Flat feet issues create problems with your entire skeletal structure. They also can affect your muscles and joints, causing them to shift out of alignment.

Fallen arches force your feet to roll inwards when you walk, weakening attached tissues. The weaker tendons and ligaments in fallen arches lead to severe pain in your feet, ankles and lower leg. The pain usually begins in your heel and arch but will start to affect other areas over time if not treated by a podiatrist in NYC. Flat feet also contribute to pain in your hips and back.

Before visiting a foot doctor in New York City, perform some simple tests on yourself to see if you have flat feet or fallen arches:

  1. Wet your feet with warm water.
  2. Stand on a hard, flat surface that can show your wet footprints, such as a concrete driveway.
  3. Step away and view the footprints. If the imprint of your foot is narrow and arched, you don’t have flat feet; if it’s a solid imprint from the balls of your feet to your heel, you have flat feet.

Some young children have a condition called “flexible flat feet,” which appear to look flat when the child stands up. When they stand on their tiptoes, however, a subtle arch appears. In most cases, the arches of these children will develop as they grow. In severe pediatric flat foot, orthotics are recommended to promote normal arch formation. In some cases the deformity may be more complicated and examination by a top podiatric doctor is recommended.

Causes of Flat Feet

Foot specialists encounter flat feet from a variety of causes. The most common causes of flat feet in adults include:

  • Torn or stretched tendons
  • Congenital deformities
  • Health conditions like rheumatoid arthritis
  • Posterior tibial tendon (PTT) inflammation or damage — this is the tendon that connects your lower leg to the arch of your foot
  • Bone Coalitions
  • Dislocated or broken bones
  • Nerve problems

Your local foot specialist or podiatrist NYC Dr. Solomon of Podiatry Midtown specialists can better inform you about what’s causing your flat feet. Prominent New York foot doctor, Dr. Sophia Solomon, is trained to treat all causes of flat foot. As well as the above mentioned causes, flat foot can also be caused by:

Symptoms of Flat Feet

Flat feet

  • Achy or painful arches and heels
  • Feet that tire easily
  • Difficulty moving your feet or standing on tiptoes
  • Swollen soles at the inside part of your feet
  • Leg and back pain

If any of these symptoms occur, visit foot doctor NYC, Dr. Sophia Solomon. It’s important to prevent future complications, and you can discuss what kinds of remedies exist to help you feel better.

Diagnosis of Flat Feet

During your appointment, a NYC podiatrist examines your feet to determine whether you have flat feet.  The foot specialist will perform a physical examination and x-rays are typically taken. Through various tests and interviews, the foot specialist looks for the type of flat foot you have. The exam can include any of the following steps:

  • MRI or X-rays of your feet
  • Asking about your health history for injuries or illnesses that can be associated with fallen arches
  • Observing your legs and feet as you perform simple movements like standing up, walking and raising your heels
  • Examining your shoe soles for unusual wear patterns
  • Testing the strength of your posterior tibial tendon and Achilles tendon

Home Remedies for Flat Feet and Fallen Arches

Before resorting to surgery, a podiatrist may suggest some home remedies. These also help you recover from other foot procedures and prevent further complications:

  • Resting
  • Applying ice to your foot
  • Taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen
  • Purchasing shoe inserts or footwear appropriate to a specific activity
  • Avoiding high-impact sports such as basketball, soccer, hockey and tennis
  • Treating or limiting risk factors that may worsen your flat feet, such as high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes
  • Asking your physical therapist or foot specialist to teach you stretches and therapy
  • Avoiding running on hard surfaces
  • Refraining from other activities that place excessive stress on your feet

It is best to seek help from your podiatrist in NYC for specific recommendations and treatment regarding your flat foot.

Flat Feet Treatments

The treatment your podiatrist in NYC recommends depends on your type flat foot since each deformity is slightly different. Even if your flat foot is not currently painful, it may be beneficial to wear an orthotic to prevent worsening of the deformity. If you have flat feet, your NYC foot doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Stretching exercises
  • Ice and rest to reduce swelling and pain
  • Physical therapy, to which your podiatric doctor can refer you
  • Pain relief medications like NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Injected corticosteroids to reduce swelling
  • Braces, shoe modifications, casts or orthotic devices
  • Reconstructive surgery

Flat Feet Surgical Procedure

If your pain or foot damage is severe, your foot specialist may recommend a surgical procedure such as:

  • Arthrodesis, which fuses your ankle and foot bones together
  • Lateral column lengthening or bone grafting, which makes your arch rise more naturally
  • Surgically removing bone spurs or other bones or bony growths, known as an excision
  • Synovectory, which cleans the protective coverings of the tendons
  • Osteotomy, which changes the bone shape
  • Tendon transfer, which adds tendons from elsewhere to your foot to equalize the pulling force of the tendon that creates the arch shape
  • Arthroereisis or STJ implant – corrects arch in a flexible flat foot

All symptoms should always be evaluated with a thorough consultation and examination by your podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan to exclude any underlying serious condition.

Important Reminder: This information is only intended to provide guidance, not definitive medical advice. Please consult foot doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained, experienced board certified podiatrist or foot specialist can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

Do you have any questions about a Flat Feet correction or it’s treatment in NYC? Would like to schedule an appointment with an internationally recognized, top NYC Podiatrist and foot doctor, Dr. Sophia Solomon of Manhattan Foot Specialists?  Please contact our office for a consultation.

Manhattan Foot Specialists
Dr. Sophia Solomon, Podiatrist (NYC Foot Doctor)

51 East 25th Street, Ste 409
New York, NY 10010

(Between Madison Ave & Park Ave)
(212) 389-9918

The information on this website is to provide general guidance. In no way does any of the information provided reflect definitive medical advice and self diagnoses should not be made based on information obtained online. It is important to consult a best in class podiatrist regarding ANY and ALL symptoms or signs as it may a sign of a serious illness or condition. A thorough consultation and examination should ALWAYS be performed for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Be sure to call a foot doctor or call our office today and schedule a consultation with the leading foot surgeon Dr. Sophia Solomon.